In World War 2 Chamberlain placed Sir John Anderson in charge or Air Raid Precautions (ARP). A small, cheap shelter was invented that could be errected in people’s back gardens. These were used in times of bombing: they were small, damp, uncomfortable spaces and people were reluctant to use them at night. In low-lying areas they tended to flood and sleeping was difficult as they did not keep out the sound of the bombings. Can you imagine what it would have been like sleeping and beeing couped up in one of these?
A problem with the Anderson Shelters was that the majority of people living in industrial areas did not have gardens where they could errect their shelters. So Morrison shelters were created. These were shelters that were made of very heavy steel and could be put in the living room and used as a table. One wire side lifted up for people to crawl underneath and get inside. Morrison shelters were fairly large and provided sleeping space for two or three people.
Your independent challenge this week is to write a set of instructions on how to build an Anderson Shelter. Click on the links below: these will give you more information about the different types of shelters used in World War 2.
Over half term why don’t you try to build your own Anderson Shelter like the one below. Click on the picture for some hints or do it your way. Remember you can use whatever materials you like to create your own one.
Click on the picture above to give you ideas on how to create your own model over half term.